What is a facade?
When we look at different kinds of buildings, we may have very different reactions to them. Some are tall and imposing with massive arched doorways and towering spires. Others are welcoming, perhaps with a large porch or wide windows. How these building entrances look is no accident. Someone designed them with a lot of attention to their front facade.
A facade is the exterior wall or face of a building, and it usually involves design elements like deliberate placement of windows or doors. Depending on architectural style, these elements have a certain order to them. While the word ”facade” can signify any external wall of a building with a design element, it often refers to the front wall with an entrance. Often, the front facade has more elaborate or special architectural treatment than the rest of the structure. A facade can be imposing, decorative, or rather simple.
When an architect designs a facade, they consider many elements. What will the entrance look like? What type of building material, like stone, wood frame, or brick, will be used? They must also consider fenestration, or the placement and proportions of windows.